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Machu Picchu Guided Tour

Machu Picchu Guided Tour: Would you like to enjoy an unforgettable journey? ¿would you like spend a different holiday alone or in groups with your family or friends? If so, the ideal destination is a  Machu Picchu Tour or a trip to Peru, a wonderful country with a privileged geography, full of awesome natural landscapes, rich biodiversity in flora and fauna, variety of cultural expressions, rich history, wide variety of destinations such as Lake Titicaca, the Colca Canyon, Lima, Amazon, Nazca and Paracas, Machu Picchu, etc.

HOW AND WHEN TO GET MACHU PICCHU?

Machu Picchu is open for visitors the all year around and from 6:00 am to 5.30pm; but if you wish to visit at night you must get an especial authorization from the government.

There are three ways to get to Machu Picchu: by train, by hiking through the Inca trail, and by car via “Santa Maria” town. Due to its location in the Andes where precipitation levels are high, If you want to clearly see Machu Picchu as it is in photos, then you will have to travel there when there’s less precipitationñ

The best time to visit Machu Picchuu is from April to October interval when the rain is less and you have the best chance of seeing it in its full splendor. But the period when most travelers arrive is in June, July and August; this time of the year there are large crowds of tourists, one can hardly get around in some parts of the site, lines are formed at the entrance.

WHAT IS INSIDE MACHU PICCHU?

Upon your arrival to the entrance of Machu Picchu you’ll be enchanted by the awesome landscape and inexplicable mountain energy, continuing your tour within Machu Picchu comes to your mind how do they built and where is coming from the such a large quantity of rocks?. Machu Picchu is divided in two areas: the Agricultural area and the urban area.

THE FIRST YOU SEE WILL BE THE AGRICULTURAL AREA OR THE INCA TERRACES- Machu Picchu Guided Tour

At Machu Picchu there are hundreds of terraces and some storehouses; the Incas had built extensive agricultural cultivation and irrigation system that still work today, the purposes of this terraces was to provide food for the inhabitants and also preserve the erosions from the rain water. The vast majority of these agricultural terraces are built on the sides of mountains and hills.

The Incas planted potatoes, crops and other plants. In some parts of Machu Picchu there is little space where the usage of steps actually increases the area available for agriculture. However, the stepped agriculture is complex, requires hard work for creation, but ensures food over a long period of time. Benefits include defense against possible landslides, floods.

This way the water doesn’t accumulate and run down on the towns below. The rocks used for creating the steps strengthen the sides of the mountains, thus protecting what is in the valleys from possible mudslides during heavy rainfall. It is amazing that these terraces were found standing firm and upright on this vertiginous ridge, 400 years after they were abandoned to the forest.

THE URBAN SECTOR – Machu Picchu Guided Tour

Machu Picchu Guided Tour

The Agricultural area and the urban area are divided by Dry moat beyond which is the located the Machu Picchu Urban sector; don forget that from the top of the terraces you can take the panoramic and postcard pictures of Machu Picchu.

The water fountains At Machu Picchu.

This are small waterfalls in a chain of sixteen little baths, varying in the quality of the architecture, with the finest stonework at the upper part which provably was the most important and its considered to a temple of the Water; the fountains are fed by a channel of 780 meters long, which brings water across the terraces from a spring. Most of the fountains had domestic functions except the one with a finest Inca architecture.

The Temple of the sun in Machu Picchu.

It’s located next to the temple of the water; this round tapering tower features the most perfect stonework at Machu Picchu; it contains well-shaped altar, unique windows, and similar shape to the sun temple of the koricancha in the city of Cusco.  The temple of the sun has three windows two of which are aligned to the sunrise of the summer and winter solstices respectively.

Machu Picchu Guided Tour

The temple of the Mother Earth in Machu Picchu.

It is one of the most extraordinary caves in the sanctuary, and the first place that Mr. Bingham explored, the architecture beauty of this building amazed him, so he called the royal tomb. This temple is located just below the temple of the sun; its lateral walls are made up of immense stone blocks and stuffed with Inca walls of great beauty.

On the upper part lies the semicircular construction of the temple of the sun, which represents the “hanaq Pacha” or the upper world in the meddle a great stone block with beautiful designs which represent the “kay Pacha” or this world; and finally on its inferior part is the cave itself with beautiful altars and stone hungers which represents the “uju pacha” or the inner world.

The temple of the tree windows in Machu Picchu.

This is the only temple that is facing the west of Machu Picchu or toward the sunset. This is one of the most remarkable and beautiful contractions in the whole sanctuary of Machu Picchu; it has large blocks of stone that are totally worked with irregular forms but with amazing and excellent polishing and fitting.

This temple was built whit a polygonal or semi-cyclopean style because the well-shaped stones of this temple. The temple has three big windows directed from east to west which are also explaining the sacred Inca trilogy The Inner word represented by the snake or “Amaru”, this word represented by Puma and the Upper word represented by the Condor.

These windows have also an astronomical relationship with the sunrise of winter solstice that happens in the 21th of June.

The Sundial or Intiwatana in Machu Picchu.

The Intiwatana or sundial was built taking advantage of a natural hill located in the west of the sanctuary; This is named “Intiwatana” because, the Incas are said to have ritually “ tied” the sun to such stone.

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