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MACHU PICCHU: CULTURAL HERITAGE DECLARED TO HUMANITY SINCE 1983 BY UNESCO

Machu Picchu

Machu Picchu is an Inca citadel of great importance declared as a world heritage site

Lost City – Sacred City – Cradle of the Inca Empire, Machu Picchu Located at 2430 meters above sea level in a place of great beauty, in the middle of a mountain rainforest, the sanctuary of Machu Picchu was probably the architectural achievement the most astonishing of the Inca Empire at its peak. Its walls, terraces and gigantic ramps give the impression of having been carved into the cliffs of the rock, as if they were part of it. The natural setting, located on the eastern slope of the Andes, is part of the upper Amazon basin, which has a wide variety of flora and fauna.

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LOCATION

The archaeological area is located on the left bank of the “Vilcanota” river, in the Kusi Chaka ravine, up to the mouth of the “Aobamba” river. In the district of Machu Picchu, province of Urubamba, department of Cusco at 112.5 km. northeast of the city of Cusco in Peru. To get to the Inca citadel of Machu Picchu, you can choose two routes:

  • Via the Inca Trail
  • Train to Aguas Calientes and from there by car or on foot until you reach the mountain where the citadel is located.

DESCRIPTION

Machu Picchu, is Quechua term with the meaning of Old Mountain. Today it is universally known, both for its imposing archaeological remains and for its incomparable location, on the edge of an abyss at the bottom of which flow the mighty waters of the “Urubamba” River.

Machu Picchu, more than a citadel, is an architectural complex that lacks only roofs. This complex is called a city, due to the large number of houses which currently number over 200, and at its peak there must have been more. In addition, its design includes squares, temples, roads, stairs, terraces, aqueducts, etc.

IMPORTANCE

The Inca citadel of Machu Picchu includes well differentiated areas, which historians have classified into sectors, for the possible uses that the Incas gave it.

AGRICULTURAL SECTOR:

SUPERIOR AGRICULTURAL ZONE

It is the one found on the current access road, from the middle to the top, made up of a series of agricultural terraces. At the top is what most call “The Cemetery” which was in fact a ceremonial agricultural sector, which is planted with endless stones. In this square is a construction called “The Superior Guardians” which is nothing more than a utilitarian construction of the “Wayrana” type (three-walled Inca construction). Then, almost in the middle of the square, there is a carved rock called “La Roca Funeraria” which is given various functions related to funeral rites, but in reality, it was a ceremonial altar of an agricultural character. In the background, you can see several buildings called “Qholqas” or large deposits. Next is a series of agricultural terraces generally referred to as platforms, but many of them are found with a large amount of vegetation.

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LOWER AGRICULTURAL ZONE

Located in the lower part of what is the current access road to the citadel. In this area are “Los Guardianes Inferiores”, places that were in fact the homes of farmers. It should also be mentioned that there are agricultural terraces covered with vegetation here. The soil found on these terraces is vegetable humus which was brought from another place and deposited on these terraces.

URBAN SECTOR:

The religious sector

Composed of four constructions and some special lithics. It is a group of buildings linked to religious functions. This set breaks down as follows:

The main temple

This area is better known as the “Temple of the Sun”. It should be noted that in the Inca period, the sun was not the most important deity, its design is more linked to the concept of light. This construction is made of isodoma blocks with surprising construction and fit. The characteristic is that they are lithic blocks which, as has been observed, those of the lower part are semi-megalithic in character and those of the upper parts are small. The building has several trapezoidal niches arranged in 5-7-5 (5 in each side setting and 7 in the center). Apart from this, in the lower part of the frontal parameter three lithics of considerable dimensions. This block is the ceremonial area of the temple and the two small blocks are secondary elements or accessory tables of the high altar for the placement of the objects which were used for the placement of the objects which were used for the paraphernalia of the performed rites in this place.

The temple of the three windows

Three-walled “Wayrana” type construction, although there is a small difference in the front part, where there is no wall but a stone pillar to support the low beam of the roof. The physical element of the presence of the three windows is directly linked to the symbolic-ideological trilogy of the religion of the Andean world, such as:

  • Centella – Lightning – Thunder
  • Sun – Moon – Stars
  • Puma – Serpent – Condor

That is to say, an element clearly of the symbolic ritual architecture. In addition to the three windows, this place has two trapezoidal blind niches, which brings us to another idea which would be much more linked to the ideological relationship of the memories of the origins. It is therefore this construction linked to the symbolism of the three lands (pashas) or union of the worlds within the Andean ideology. All this for the reason of the existence of the lithic which has the carved stepped sign.

The Priest’s House

A construction of a ritual and utilitarian nature, that is to say as a repository of paraphernalia objects.
The stone of rites or the rock of ceremonies

It is a large block located at the corner of access to the temples of the Plaza de los. It is indicated that this large block was a ritual altar, a sacred rock, in which certain religious rites related to the sector were practiced, such as offerings, sacrifices, etc.

The priests’ room o Temple of the stars

Construction which is in the rear part of the main temple. Its walls are made up of rectangular lithics of the cut stone or rectangular isodoma type. It has 13 trapezoidal niches and a monolithic stone which has 24 angles. Due to these characteristics and also due to the type of construction and its location, it was related to ceremonial rites, although we cannot specify which rites it was dedicated to.

The Intihuatana

It was an element of astronomical observation and calendar use; At no time was it a sundial, it also had ceremonial and liturgical functions, it is not possible to specify what type of religious activities were carried out in this place, nor the type of deity worshiped.

The sacred rock or earth temple sector

In the Quechua state, there was a double representation of the earth, that is to say two concepts: the first, of the world in the cosmos or of the physical and ideological circular earth called “Teqse Muyo”; and the second, was to carve a rock with the profiles of a mountain, this element represented the concept of the visible and exploitable earth, for which he was a waka. In this way, the sector was directly linked to rites of an agrarian character and rites to the land.

The intellectual district or called the three doors district

According to a logic of social architecture and by the Inca urban planning system, and finally by ethnohistoric and ethnoarchaeological appreciation, we see that these were utilitarian districts, that is to say houses, warehouses, workshops, etc. Therefore, the idea of an exclusive neighborhood for thinkers and intellectuals is discarded.

The sacred rock or temple of condor

We cannot deny this carved rock a ritual function because it was a symbol linked to a totemic element which is a bird (condor or perhaps a “huaman” = eagle or falcon) linked to the trilogy of totemic animals of ideology Andean, utilitarian, because it had to fulfill the functions of a work table.

Schedule and load capacity

The entrance time to the Citadel of Machu Picchu is from 6:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m., the departure time is until 5:00 p.m. with a capacity of 2,500 visitors per day. Prices can be viewed on the electronic ticket.

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Machupicchu a Sacred Inca Citadel?

Machupicchu sacred city

Is Machupicchu a sacred Inca citadel? what details determine for it?

Yes, indeed, Machupicchu is a Sacred City, because from the moment of its conception it was planned on that way. The Incas, in order to build the city, first had a thorough knowledge of its geography, they chose and determined the exact place where they should build the city of Machupicchu, that is, the relationship that the city would have with its deities, the sacred mountains: Known as the “Apus” or spirit of the mountains

The geological chaos, manifested by geologists, is transformed even the city that we know now; But before this transformation, the first thing the Incas do is see the conditions that the city would encompass; that is, its orientation in relation to the movement of the Sun; from the dawn until sunset; the way in which the city and the environments receive the insolation during the day. That is why the city has different forms in its planning. The sector that we know as the lower area or “Urin”, is characterized by the famous “kanchas” or patios; Instead, the upper part or “Hanan” is arranged in a staggered way, capturing solar energy for more hours a day. All of this shows us the sacred character of Machupicchu Inca citadel; the relationship of the mountains with its strategic location, the way the city was planned; the orientation of the buildings, the majority capturing energy through the entrance doors and through the windows; in the same way, the orientation of the streets and squares is much more evident even in relation to the sepulchral caves, or tombs, which are generally oriented to the east, it speaks to us of a correct planning.

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In addition, the way the city is built is important. For example, astronomical observatories should be in relevant areas. This is the case of the sector known as “Intiwatana” or the sundial that is nothing but a “Sukanka” – many of these names are arbitrary -, which is the most relevant point for the panoramic view of Machupicchu. In the same way, the Torreon or the so-called Temple of the Sun, is strategically oriented to carry out astronomical observations.

The quality of the constructions is equally decisive to indicate that the Inca City of Machupicchu is a city of sacred character, in conjunction with another important element within the city: water. For life to exist, this resource must necessarily be presented; but it comes through a system, a very special channel, very well carved and distributed through 16 ceremonial sources. All this shows us that Machupicchu was a city with purely sacred characteristics.

How can you visit the sacred city of Machupicchu?

There are several options for visit the sacred Inca citadel of Machupicchu, it depends how do you want to visit. By train by bus or walking; below you’ll find tour packages option chose the one which suits you better.

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Tours to Machu Picchu from Cusco

Tours to Machu Picchu from Cusco

Experience the best of Peru by booking Tours to Machu Picchu from Cusco; where you’ll experience the most popular tourist destination in the region of Cusco.

Where ca you find day tours and multiday tours to Machu Picchu from Cusco?.- We are a travel  agency situated in the city of Cusco in Peru; authorized by the minister of Tourism of Peru; We offer Machu Picchu tours and Packages that includes visit the Inca citadel of Machu Picchu. Our Packages runs since day tours up to 7 days; The tour also includes: Cusco city tours, Sacsayhuaman, Sacred Valley, Maras Moray and the main archaeological center of South America, Machu Picchu. We also offer adventure treks to get to Machu Picchu like the famous Inca Trail and alternative routes to Machu Picchu, one of them being the Salkantay Trek or Lares Trek.

Our travel agency “SPT Tour Operator” offers you the best Trips to Machu Picchu to get a pleasant and comfortable trip during your visit to Peru, we offer escorted tours in private and shared groups for individuals, couples, group of friends and families. Our Tours to Machu Picchu from Cusco are all inclusive and guarantee departures. For the tours are provided hotels of 3-stars category with all comfortable facilities and located near the main square for your easy access to the tourist facilities like restaurants, markets, coffee shops, museums and galleries.

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When can I travel in one of these Tours to Machu Picchu from Cusco?

Our Tours to Machu Picchu from Cusco are available all year around; however, we recommended travel from April down to September since the weather in the region of Cusco is better with less rain and more probabilities of blue sky.  Machu Picchu is open for tourist every day from 5:30 am to 5:30 pm; but is not the same for adventure treks like Inca Trail. The Inca Trail is closed during the month of February because too much rain.

Are the tours to Machu Picchu from Cusco expensive?

Yes, and No; our Tours to Machu Picchu from Cusco normally are not expensive if you chose our all-inclusive packages; in our Cusco or Machu Picchu packages are included hotels with buffet breakfast, all needed transportation, entrance fees and Tour guide. So, the money that will pay will be distributed in all of them. The tour can be expensive if you arrange by yourself since you waste time searching the tours and you will arrange all by separately.

The promotional prices for shared service of private tours in Cusco valid for 2021, we have available travel itineraries, updated prices and also information on what is included and not included in our tours in Cusco, check or book your trip to Machu Picchu online.

Our Tours to Machu Picchu from Cusco

 

Popular Travel Packages to Machu Picchu in 2021

Tour in Cusco one of the most important tourist destinations in Peru where is situated Machu Picchu the main highlight of the country; every major trip in and around Machu Picchu begins with sightseeing tour in Cusco, the Capital of the Incas Cusco where most of world heritage sites are located.

The Inca citadel of Machu Picchu is probably the best travel destination in the world. Machu Picchu offers a wide range of adventure activities and travel opportunities. The immense natural beauty fascinates all visitors in this region. In Peru, around 90% of all travelers choose to visit Machu Picchu as their travel destination. Travel packages to Machu Picchu also offers an excellent opportunity of Trekking to Machu Picchu through the Andes and the Cloud forest, observe rural lifestyles and unique cultures in the highlands.

Unlike trips to Machu Picchu, trekking the Inca Trail to Machu Picchu is easy with more to explore. Basically, all Trips to Machu Picchu start in the city Cusco, an hour’s fly from Lima the capital of Peru. We recommend that you set aside an additional day to explore the beautiful city of Cusco, the Umantay lake and the Rainbow Mountain located here. For all these places you need a day tour.

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Travel to Machu Picchu can be done in private groups or in shared but it is very important to purchase the train tickets in advance since it is the only transport that allows you to reach to Machu Picchu or trekking for four days. The separate highly recommended Travel package is one that includes the Sunrise Views of Machu Picchu which can be completed in three to four days from Cusco. Don’t worry if you have a short vacation, there are many options for you in Cusco – Peru and it can make your short / long vacation life unforgettable.

Visit Machu Picchu is possible in all seasons of the year, but autumn, winter and spring are considered the best seasons in Cusco and Machu Picchu, increasing the number of Travelers. Autumn, Winter and spring withstand favorable temperatures and weather conditions. The views are just as impressive. One can observe the breathtaking views of the giant mountain panorama and the attractive sunrise or sunset views.

Below, we have mentioned the 6 best Travel Packages and Tours to Machu Picchu that will surely help you choose the best Travel destination for your vacation on 2021.

Machu Picchu Sunrise Tour 2 days

The Machu Picchu Sunrise Tour is the most popular short trip to Machu Picchu that includes the sunrise views of Machu Picchu. During this tour you’ll visit the Sacred valley of the Incas including the Inca ruins of Pisaq and Ollantaytambo; the most popular and wonderful Inca sites located around the city of Cusco.  The Trip includes one-night hotel accommodation in the picturesque town of Aguas Calientes. Find here More details for this wonderful Trip. Read More…

Machu Picchu Adventure Tour 5 Days

The Machu Picchu Adventure Tour is a mix of sightseeing and short trekking to Machu Picchu. it is a tour package that begins in the city of Cusco, where you’ll have acclimatization days before you head to the Short Inca Trail and reach to Machu Picchu through the “Sun gate” as the Incas did in the past. The package allows you overnight in the picturesque village of Aguas Calientes where you can enjoy a natural thermal bath. In this tour package you’ll have the option to see the sunset and sunrise views of Machu Picchu and surrounding Mountains. Find here More details for this wonderful Trip. Read More…

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Machu Picchu Classic Tour 4 Days

The Machu Picchu Classic Tour is the most famous trip among all international and national travellers. It’s a 4 days and 3 nights package that takes you to the famous Inca sanctuary of Machu Picchu and offers breathtaking views of the giant panoramas of the Andes, the mysterious Inca sites and the historical city of Cusco, and many other interesting tourist destinations. The train trip to Machu Picchu through lush forests provide a great opportunity to see the Andes and the Rain forest which are natural habitat for rare animals and wild birds.

Machu Picchu Classic Tour can be done in all seasons of the year, but spring Winter and autumn are considered the best. These stations offer the best picturesque views of clear skies and tolerable temperatures. Find here More details for this wonderful Trip. Read More…

Machu Picchu Magic Tour 5 Days

It is a wonderful tour package where you’ll visit the most important tourist destinations in the region of Cusco like: Cusco itself, the sacred valley of the Incas including the Inca ruins of Pisaq and Ollantyatmbo, The Inca citadel of Machu Picchu, the salt mines of Maras and the mysterious Inca site of Moray. The tour is escorted by professional and highly experienced tour Guide. It is highly recommended for families and group of friends.

The tour offers opportunities of short walks through the Inca sites. Machu Picchu Magic Tour can be done in all seasons of the year, but spring, winter and autumn are considered the best. These stations offer the best picturesque views of clear skies and tolerable temperatures. Read More…

Machu Picchu Cultural Tour 6 Days

This is a wonderful classic tour package that takes you to the lap of the natural and Cultural highlights in the region of Cusco. You can explore the breathtaking view of the mountain ranges and the immense natural beauty from the knees of the giant Mountain. During the tours, you can also get in touch with the unique villages of and learn about their unique way of life and cultures. Machu Picchu Cultural Tour is ideal for every body with no limitations, since the entire trip is by car or by train. The trip also offers options of short walking across the mysterious Inca sites. Read More…

Machu Picchu Amazon Trip 7 days

The Machu Picchu Amazon Trip package is the best trip in Peru since it allows you to explore the two most picturesque region of Peru: The Andes and the Amazon. This travel package can be completed in one week and offers the best views of the high Andes ranges and the deep of the Amazon jungle with amazing sunrise views of Machu Picchu and the Amazon. In addition, this trip offers the best opportunity to explore the rural lifestyle of the countryside community and gain an in-depth understanding of its traditions and cultures.

Machu Picchu Amazon trip package technically departs from Cusco, an hour’s fly from Lima the Capital of Peru. During the tour you’ll stay in comfortable hotels and ecological lodge. Read More.

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Recommended Travels & Tour Packages to Machu Picchu

We have provided some sample itineraries for your reference and give you the freedom to plan your TOUR ROUTE yourself and simply tell us your choice and your particular area of interest. We have extensive experience in planning organized tailor-made trips to Machu Picchu for cultural, wildlife and adventure tours such as:

About Machu Picchu: Services for Travelers

Important information about Machu Pichu for travelers interested in visiting the sacred Inca citadel of Machu Picchu: How to arrive?.- What to do?.-  Where to stay?.- and where to eat?.-

About Machu Picchu – A Perfect destination for a memorable Tour

The Sacred Inca citadel of Machu Picchu is the most famous Tourist destination in Peru and south America; it is open for Peruvian travelers and foreigners. Machu Picchu is the best-known archaeological site on the continent it has a wonderful location.

Machu Picchu is a citadel that was never revealed to the Spanish conquerors and that was practically hidden until the middle of the 20th century. So that it is named the lost city of the Incas

How to get to Machu Picchu – Routes to Machu Picchu

Currently, there are different ways to get to Machu Picchu, among the most popular we are mentioning bellow:

  1. Machu Picchu by car, a new itinerary ideal for travelers who do not have much time and who want to contemplate the natural beauty of the surroundings of Machu Picchu.
  2. Machu Picchu by train, the classic route and the most purchased by travelers.
  3. The Short Inca Trail, is ideal for travelers whose don´t want to spent much time in the mountains but still wan to see the beauty of the Andes and the Claud forest
  4. The Classic Inca Trail to Machu Picchu, an ideal route for travelers who want to use the ancient route used by the Incas.
  5. From Salkantay to Machu Picchu, a really difficult route, ideal for trekkers whose don’t get permits for the Inca Trail; it is an alternative trail to Machu Picchu.

What to do in Machu Picchu? – The possible activities in Machu Picchu

If you visit Machu Picchu, you’ll have several options to do it. From the classic mountain tour to the photography of Machu Picchu, passing through agricultural areas, climbing the Huayna Picchu, visiting the sacred area, as well as the main temple.

All the activities that can be done in Machu Picchu are really fantastic.

Where to sleep in Machu Picchu – You’ll find a very nice hotels in the town of Aguas Calientes

Machu Picchu offers to all travelers a wide variety of places to sleep, from the luxurious “Santuary Lodge” in Belmont to small family accommodations that, although they do not have a large infrastructure, the quality of service is also good.

We are sure that you will sleep peacefully near the Sanctuary of Machu Picchu.

Where to eat in Machu Picchu – The Restaurants at Machu Picchu

You can choose from many restaurants in Machu Picchu that are located in the same town of Aguas Calientes located 20 minutes away from Machu Picchu, and enjoy excellent cuisine and views. The dishes served are for all kinds of tastes, from indigenous cuisine to international cuisine; you can have many drinks such as Inti sour, Pisco sour and the famous Coca sour.

Most hotels offer excellent service to their clients like other clients, from the best of Peruvian cuisine, as well as excellent dishes from different gastronomic schools in the world.

Recommended Tours to Machu Picchu